Victim phishing, or a fraud based on social engineering, can fall on any of us. An email, phone call or information from a social networking site can lead us to specific, though unwanted, actions.
This can be an order to transfer money, provide confidential information or provide login details. Nowadays, more and more people are aware of such threats and will probably check the authenticity of the information received.
Deepfake - threats
According to the report in The Washington Post, scammers used the application software artificial intelligenceto extort from a British energy company about 194 000 GBP.
The company's president was absolutely certain that he had spoken to the company's CEO and therefore agreed to the transfer of the money requested.
A recent deepfake example concerned a YouTube channel where a fake scene from the show was added and a voice added Donald Trump.
False sound and picture
We know that it is much more difficult to create artificial sound than false video. The human ear is in fact sensitive to sound waves of a wide frequency spectrum.
Generating human speech requires an algorithm to correctly predict the sound wave.
However, the human eye can receive data at a rate of about 30 frames per second, which means that a certain irregularity in the video image is less noticeable than in the case of a fake voice.
So far deepfake audio he was not regarded as such a threat as deepfake video.
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He believes that the number will increase in the future cybercrime made using equipment and technology.
today Deepfake movies imitating celebrities and public figures are for fun, but in the future film material available in public space can be used to commit fraud.
With the increase in computing power of computers, collecting and processing data for counterfeiting will become much easier than today.
Therefore, it is necessary to raise the awareness of employees of companies and private persons, as well as the level of their education, and then introduce a difficult to forge verification, for example through a single-use password generator (devices OTP - one-time password).
Two-factor authentication is an inexpensive and simple, but at the same time very effective method to increase the level of security, also to protect money against theft.
It is believed that companies should consider training their employees and at the same time invest in deepfake detection software early enough.
Expert in the field blockchain technology, Kevin Gannon believes that the new technology is blockchain can provide effective protection against deepfakes.
Each user with a digital identity must confirm this identity before accessing the system.
Also, the authenticity of audio and video files can be confirmed using the blockchain application and compared with the originals.
Improving security protocols in the approval process can strengthen credibility, and the use of multiple-signature transactions can improve the quality of system operation.